Directorate of Agricultural and Rural Development

Overview of the program for strenghening governance in Africa veterinary (VET-GOV) : Achievements and prospets in West Africa

The building program of veterinary governance in Africa (VET-GOV) was launched January 16, 2012 in Nairobi, Kenya. The overall coherence of the program falls under the African Union, for operational reasons has entrusted its implementation to the Inter-African Bureau for Animal Resources (IBAR). IBAR works in close partnership with the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) for better integration program in public national and regional agricultural policies, including ECOWAP / CAADP process with regard to ECOWAS. In this context, the BIRA established in RECs regional coordinations whose functions are to coordinate program activities in the Member States and also is responsible for the overall coordination and coherence of interventions continental scale relying on CERs in accordance with the mandate of the Commission of the African Union Commission (AUC), which is among other things the capacity of RECs without replacing them

strategic Objective of VET-GOV program

The strategic objective of the program is the institutional strengthening of veterinary services for (i) the establishment of adequate veterinary services at the national level (ii) the strengthening of regional institutions to play their role of coordinating, harmonization, integration and support vis-à-vis the Member States in order to create a more favorable environment for public and private investment in the livestock sector states. The program focuses on three areas:

  • The creation of an environment conducive to change through a participatory manner based on results and knowledge creation advocacy.
  • Strengthening institutional and individual capacities in analysis, formulation and implementation of policies, institutional strengthening of veterinary services.
  • Encouraging change through initiatives that have high leverage


To achieve its objectives, the program is assigned three outcome areas including the following activities:
Outcome 1: Knowledge and awareness to enhance institutional change:

  1. Collect and document data to support the creation of knowledge.
  2. Undertake advocacy based on the evidence.

Outcome 2: Institutional capacity enhanced for the formulation of livestock policy, strategies for animal health and veterinary legislation.

  1. Strengthen the capacity to formulate policies, strategies and veterinary legislation.
  2. Strengthen the capacity to review and development of veterinary legislation.
  3. Provide recommendations for the adoption of policies, strategies and legislation and / or revision, harmonization and integration or support national processes

Outcome 3: Institutional capacity enhanced for the implementation of policies and enforcement.

  • Enhance the capacity of collecting real-time data, analysis and sharing of accurate health information.
  • Strengthen the disease prevention and control mechanisms at national and regional level.
  • Facilitate the participation of African countries in the implementation of standards of animal health.
  • Enhance the capacity of RECs and countries to assess the acquisition of OIE standards for veterinary services. These results will be achieved through the implementation of these activities.


One of the most important activities of the program is to work that policies livestock, animal health strategies and legislation be reviewed and harmonized. That is why the program is currently supporting the establishment and operation of platforms Livestock Policy (EPP) at national and regional level following the success of this concept implemented by the Policy Initiative of raising the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD LPI-) in East Africa. This initiative has proved very effective in involving stakeholders in the public, private and civil society in the development and implementation of policies, strategies, breeding transformations and legislation. That is why the PPE should be linked to national and regional teams of the Comprehensive Program of Agricultural Development (CAADP). These teams that support the implementation of national CAADP compact. In this dynamic, the EPP will be appropriate frameworks to assist in the implementation of the Agricultural Investment Programmes ((PRIA / NIPA) under the Regional Agricultural Policy (ECOWAP).


At the current stage of the implementation of the VET-GOV program, fifteen (15) Member States which constitute ECOWAS each made the synthesis of the literature related policies, strategies and legislation in the livestock sector. This synthesis has been analyzed in order to identify important trends in each Member States to make the necessary corrections. The program also allowed fifteen (15) Member States to establish a PPE each of which six (6) have already been the subject of official launch marked the beginning of their operation. The role of ECOWAS through the establishment and launch of the EPP is to ensure the implementation link between them and the team ECOWAP / CAADP each state to create a synergy of action in setting implementation of the PRIA / NIPA. The concern is that the livestock component is more often marginalized understood and inserted into public intervention in terms of its importance in the formation of the Agricultural Gross Domestic Product (PIBA) states. For example, this entry is between 4% and 44%. The Mali holds the head of the pack with 44%, 40% the Niger, Burkina Faso and Senegal 25% 4%. Progress is underway in other countries.


While pursuing the launch of EPP in the Member States, the program is given as short-term prospects of establishing a regional policy platform livestock (PPRE), which main task will be to coordinate, harmonize and support EPP members in order to make them more efficient states.
Given the tendency of regional farmers’ organizations for agriculture, it is also necessary to clarify advantage instead of livestock in these organizations to enable better targeting of program interventions. This need has led to the recruitment of a consultant to assess the capacity of regional farmers’ organizations in livestock.
The objective of this evaluation is therefore to create a better understanding of the place of livestock in the regional farmers’ organizations, including the scope of the issues, capacity and internal arrangements in place to facilitate engagement on questions for future breeding program support.

The specific objectives of this year are the following:
1) Develop a profile of regional farmers’ organizations and describe how they have evolved over the last 10 years in terms of form and functions / services provided;

2) Understanding the current scope of the work / issues addressed by the regional farmers’ organizations.;

3) Understanding institutional mechanisms and governance arrangements currently in place in the regional farmers’ organizations to support the work related to livestock, including horizontal and vertical linkages with national and international organizations;
(Economic, social and political) 4 Understanding current work related to livestock (species / sector and themes) undertaken by regional and strategies used peasant organizations.;

5) Propose strategies to enhance the role of national and regional farmers ’organizations in the internal governance and functions of regional farmers’ organizations.;

6). Identify needs for capacity building needed to support regional farmers’ organizations to strengthen their advocacy for issues related to farming, such as ensuring that the objectives of livestock are included in the programs economic growth, food security and poverty reduction.

Wednesday 25 June 2014